Terminology

Japanese Terminology (Nihon Jutsugo) Module 1

Japanese Vowel Pronunciation

Basic Terminology (Kihon Jutsugo)

 

1 A Pronounced as the ‘ah’ in father (Arigato – thank you)

2 I Pronounced as a long ‘E’ sound as in week (Kiai – spirited shout)

3 U Pronounced as the ‘oo’ in stoop (Musubi – to tie together)

4 E Pronounced as the ‘eh’ in ending or egg (Deshi – student)

5 O Pronounced as the long ‘O’ sound as in old (Dozo – please)

1 Zen Sekai Sokarate Renmei — World Sokarate Organization

2 Sokarate — All Karate (All-styles Karate)

3 Jissen Kumite — Full Contact Fighting

4 Karate — D? — Empty hand(s) way, barehanded fighting

5 Karate-ka — A practitioner of karate

6 D?j? — Place where the way is practiced

7 Honbu — Headquarters

8 Bud? — Martial ways (collective term)

9 Osu — To persevere, an affirmative response

10 Shihan — Expert teacher or trainer (minimum of 5th dan)

11 Sensei — Teacher (minimum of 3rd dan)

12 Senpai (Sempai) — A senior student

13 K?hai — Junior students, younger students (collectively)

14 Dohai — D?kyusei — Student of equal rank

15 D?gi (keikogi) — Training uniform

16 Obi — Belt

17 Obi musubi me — Belt knot

18 Kyu — Ranks below blackbelt

19 Dan — Black belt rank

20 Yudansha — One who holds a black belt rank

21 Mudansha — A student below the rank of black belt

22 Shiro Obi — White Belt

23 Orenji-obi — Orange Belt

24 Mizu iro Obi — Blue Belt

25 Kiiro Obi — Yellow Belt

26 Midori Obi — Green Belt

27 Cha-Obi — Brown Belt

28 Kuro Obi — Black Belt

 

Japanese Terminology (Nihon Jutsugo) Module 2

Dojo Etiquette – Procedures Terminology (Dojo Reigi Jutsugo)

1 Reigi Etiquette – procedures of the dojo

2 Rei — To bow

3 Iemoto — The system that utilizes the sempai-kohai relationship to effectively manage a traditional dojo

4 Seiza — Kneeling – formal sitting

5 Anza — Sitting with legs crossed – relaxed sitting

6 Tachi no rei — Standing bow

7 Seiza no rei — Kneeling bow

8 Seiretsu — Form a line (lines) or line up

 

Bowing In Order and Terminology

9 (a) Musubi Dachi — Assume an open toed stance

10 (b) Seiza — Assume a kneeling position

11 (c) Shinzen Ni Rei — Bow to past efforts of others masters and students

12 (d) Mokus? — Eyes closed, calm the breath and mind (30 seconds to 2 minutes)

13 (e) Mokus? Yame — Eyes open, end mokuso

14 (f) Shinzen Ni Rei — Bow to School(Front wall with symbols Schools)

15 (g) Tatte Kudasai — Please stand up

 

Bowing Out Order and Terminology

16 (a) Musubi Dachi — Assume an open toed stance

17 (b) Seiza — Assume a kneeling position

18 (c) Shihan Ni Rei, Sensei Ni Rei, Sempai Ni Rei, Otogai Ni Rei — Bow, this can be done with a quiet Osu — Bow to past efforts of others masters and students

19 (d) Dojo Kun — Recite the training hall oath (English or Japanese)

20 (e) Mokus? — Eyes closed, calm the breath and mind (30 seconds to 2 minutes)

21 (f) Mokus?Yame — Eyes open, end mokuso

22 (g) Shihan, Sensei, Sempai Ni Rei Arigato Gozaimashita — Bow to instructor and say “Arigato Gozaimashita”

23 (h) Otagai ni Rei Arigato Gozaimashita — Bow to each other and say “Arigato Gozaimashita”

24 (j) Keiko Arimas…(all) Osu! Shihan Lowe’s closing command…because of how

we trained I have a good feeling.

 

Japanese Terminology (Nihon Jutsugo) Module 3

Moving and Direction Terminology (Tachi, Ido, and Hoko Jutsugo)

1 Heisoku Dachi — Feet together stance

2 Musubi Dachi — Open toed stance

3 Heiko Dachi — Parallel stance, shoulder width (kata haba)

4 Fud? Dachi (or Y?i Dachi) — Immovable or ready stance (shoulder width, toes outward 2” (shizentai))

5 Uchi Hachi-ji Dachi — Heels inward figure eight stance (hachi-ji)

6 Sanchin Dachi — Three battles stance

7 K?kutsu Dachi — Rear leaning stance

8 Zenkutsu Dachi — Forward leaning stance

9 Kiba Dachi Horse – Straddle stance

10 Tsuru Ashi Dachi – Crane Leg Stance

11 Kake Ashi Dachi – Hook Leg Stance

12 Neko Ashi Dachi – Cat Foot Stance

13 Moro Ashi Dachi – Both feet straight ahead , shoulder width and length (kata haba – kata cho)

14 Shik? Dachi – Sumo stance

15 Kumite Dachi – Fighting stance

16 Hanmi – Half facing (front foot and shoulder of same side forward)

17 Gyaku Hanmi – Reverse Half facing (front foot and shoulder of opposite side forward)

18 Migi Ashi Mae – Right foot forward

19 Hidari Ashi Mae – Left foot forward

20 Fukugi Ashi – Passive (secondary) leg

21 Shoto Ashi – Active (primary) leg

22 Fumikonde – Step across the floor

23 Ayumi Ashi (and Fumiashi) – Walking Step (right, left, right…)

24 Tsugi Ashi (and Okuri Ashi) – Shuffling Step (same foot forward)

25 Massugu Ni – Directly in front of you

26 Omote – Move forward

27 Ura – To the rear

28 Ushiro – Behind

29 Mawatte – Turn and face opposite direction

30 Sagari – Return-Retreat without turning around (step backwards into previous stance)

31 Hantai – Switch side – opposite side

32 Kotai – Partners switch roles (tori-uke)

33 Jodan – Upper Area

34 Chudan – Middle Area

35 Gedan – Lower Area

36 Kaiten – Turning – Revolving — Spinning

37 Irimi – To enter — entering

38 Tenkan – Turning from line of attack

39 Sabaki – Angular movement, move to oblique angles

40 Naname – (Yonjugo Do) Diagonally (45 degrees)

41 Enkei – Circular

42 Tobi – Jump

43 Mawashi – Circular — Turning

 

Japanese Terminology (Nihon Jutsugo) Module 4

Basic Hand Techniques Terminology (Te Kihon Waza Jutsugo) part 1

1 Oi – Lunging (same hand as forward leg)

2 Gyaku – Reverse

3 Age – Rising

4 Oroshi – Descending

5 Jun – Straight off of shoulder

6 Juji – Crossed

7 Morote – Both hands are active in the technique

8 Sayu – Left and Right

9 Shita – Underneath — lower

10 Shomen — Ganmen – Front of Face

11 Komekami – Temple

12 Uchi – Inside (from inside to outside)

13 Soto – Outside (from outside to inside)

14 Yoko – Side

15 Hajime – Begin

16 Yame – Stop — finish

17 Naore – Return to starting position

18 Yasume – Rest, at ease

19 Chikara Irete – Insert Power

20 Kiai Irete – Insert Kiai

21 Sonoba Kihon – Stationary basics

22 Ido Kihon or Ido geiko – Moving basics or moving training

 

Fore fist (Seiken)

23 Seiken Jodan Tsuki  – Fore fist upper thrust

24 Seiken Chudan Tsuki  – Fore fist middle thrust

25 Seiken Gedan Tsuki  – Fore fist lower thrust

26 Seiken Ago Uchi – Fore fist strike (snapping – kisami) to chin

27 Seiken Morote Tsuki – Fore fist two handed thrust (same level)

28 Seiken Yama Tsuki – Fore fist high and low thrust

29 Seiken Jun Tsuki – Fore fist Straight off of shoulder thrust

30 Seiken Tate Tsuki – Fore fist vertical thrust

31 Seiken Kage Tsuki – Fore fist hooking punch

32 Seiken Jodan Age Uke – Fore fist upper rising block

33 Seiken Chudan Soto Uke – Fore fist outside block

34 Seiken Chudan Uchi Uke Fore fist inside block

35 Seiken Gedan Barai – Fore fist lower sweep — parry

36 Seiken Chudan Uchi Uke – Gedan Barai Simultaneous fore fist inside and downward blocks

37 Seiken Gedan Juji Uke – Fore fist lower crossing block

38 Seiken Morote Uchi Uke – Fore fist Augmented-Supported Inside Block

 

Rear Fist (Uraken)

39 Uraken Shomen Uchi – Rear fist strike to the front of the face

40 Uraken Sayu Uchi – Rear fist strike to the side (left and right)

41 Uraken Hizo Uchi – Rear fist strike to the spleen and liver

42 Uraken Mawashi Uchi – Rear fist roundhouse strike to the side of the head

43 Urakwen Shita Uchi – Rear fist strike to the lower abdomen (short strike)

44 Uraken Oroshi Uchi – Rear fist descending strike to the front of the face

 

Japanese Terminology (Nihon Jutsugo)

Basic Hand Techniques Terminology (Kihon Te Waza Jutsugo) part 2

 

Hammer Fist (Tettsui)

1 Tettsui Kome Kami Uchi – Hammer fist temple strike

2 Tettsui Gammen Oroshi Uchi – Hammer fist descending strike to face

3 Tettsui Sakotsu Oroshi Uchi – Hammer fist descending strike to collar bone

4 Tettsui Hizo Uchi – Hammer fist descending strike to spleen — liver

5 Tettsui Naka Uchi – Hammer fist inside strike to face

6 Tettsui Soto Uchi – Hammer fist side strike to face

7 Tettsui Gedan Uchi – Hammer fist descending strike to groin

 

Knifehand (Shuto)

8 Shuto Gammen Uchi – Knifehand strike to the face

9 Shuto Sakotsu Oroshi Uchi – Knifehand descending strike to collarbone

10 Shuto Hizo Uchi – Knifehand strike to the spleen-liver

11 Shuto Naka Uchi – Knifehand inside strike to the face

12 Shuto Sakotsu Uchi Komi – Knifehand driving strike to the collarbone

13 Shuto Mawashi Uke – Knifehand roundhouse-circular block

14 Shuto Kake Uke – Knifehand hooking block (mostly called kake uke)

15 Shuto Jodan Juji Uke – Knifehand upper crossed block

Elbow (Hiji)

16 Hiji Jodan Age Uchi – Elbow rising strike to the chin

17 Hiji Jodan Ate – Elbow hit to the chin

18 Hiji Chudan Ate – Elbow vertical strike to the chest

19 Hiji Oroshi Uchi – Elbow descending strike

20 Hiji Chudan Ushiro Ate – Elbow rear strike to the chest

Other Basic Hand Techniques

21 Shotei Uchi – Palmheel strike

23 Shotei Mawashi Uke – Palmheel Roundhouse Block

24 Haito Jodan Uchi – Inner knifehand strike to head-face

25 Haito Gedan Uchi – Inner knifehand strike to groin

26 Nukite (yohon, nihon, ippon) Uchi – Spearhand 4, 2, 1 finger strike

27 Kote Uchi – Forearm strike

28 Haisho Uchi – Back of hand strike

29 Koken Uchi – Wrist strike

30 Hiraken Uchi – Flat fist strike

31 Nakayubi Ippon Ken Tsuki – Middle knuckle fist thrust

32 Hitosashiyubi Ippon Ken Tsuki – Index finger knuckle fist thrust

33 Oyayubi Ippon Ken Tsuki – Thumb knuckle fist thrust

34 Ryotoken Tsuki – Dragon head fist thrust

35 Toho Uchi – Sword peak hand strike

36 Keiko Uchi – Chicken beak strike

37 Osae Uke – Pressing Block strike

38 Kobushi – The whole fist

Japanese Terminology (Nihon Jutsugo) Module 5

Basic Kicking Techniques & Kata Terminology (Kihon Keri Waza and Kata Jutsugo)

Kicking (Keri Waza)

1 Mae Hiza Geri – Direct front knee kick

2 Mawashi Hiza Geri – Roundhouse knee kick

3 Haisoku Kin Geri – Front kick to groin with instep

4 Haisoku Jodan Mawashi Geri – Roundhouse high kick with instep

5 Gedan Mawashi Geri ((sune) mae & ushiro ashi)) – Roundhouse low kick with shin (front or rear leg)

6 Chusoku Chudan Mae Gegri – Ball of foot middle front kick

7 Chusoku Jodan Mae Geri – Ball of foot high front kick

8 Chusoku Jodan Mae Keage – Ball of foot high rising kick

9 Teisoku Soto Mikazuku Geri – Arch of foot outside crescent kick to head

10 Sokuto Uchi Mikazuki Geri – Knife edge foot inside crescent kick to head

11 Sokuto Yoko Kanstesu Geri – Knife edge foot joint kick

12 Sokuto Yoko Geri – Knife edge foot side kick

13 Kakato Ushiro Geri – Heel back kick (to rear)

14 Kakato Oroshi Geri – Heel descending kick to head

15 Ushiro Mawashi Geri – Rear roundhouse kick (heel or flat of foot)

16 Tobi Geri – Jumping kick

Kyokushin Kata Names and Meanings

17 Taikyoku (sono ichi – san) – Great ultimate…first cause ( 1-3)

18 Sokugi Taikyoku (sono ichi – san) – kicking kata (1-5)

19 Pinan (sono ichi – go) – Peaceful mind

20 Yantsu – Safe Three

21 Tsuki no kata – Thrusting form

23 Sanchin – Three Battles

24 Gekisai dai – Conquer and Occupy Major

25 Gekisai sho – Conquer and Occupy Minor

26 Naihanchi (shodan-sandan) – Stepping with stealth or holding one’s ground (1-3)

27 Tensho – Rotating Palms – Changing Hands

28 Saiha – Maximum Destruction

29 Garyu – Reclining Dragon

30 Sienchin – The Storm Within the Calm

31 Kanku Dai – View the Heavens – Sky Gazing

32 Seipai – Eighteen hands

33 Sushiho – Fifty Four Steps

34 Bassai Dai – Storm the Fortress

35 Kata no San Taiyosu – Sosai’s three principles of kata

36 (a) Waza no Kankyu – Tempo of technique

37 (b) Chikara no Kyojaku – Points of power stress

38 (c) Iko no Chosei – Controlling the breathing (kokyu)

39 Mokuso -Yoi — Ibuki – The progression to begin kata from Pinan Ichi onward

40 Gorei de – The kata will be counted by the instructor

41 Mu Gorei – There will be no count from the instructor

42 Embusen – The performance line of the kat

Japanese Terminology (Nihon Jutsugo) Module 6

Instructor Commands (Shidoin Jutsugo)

Moving Into Stances Generally during Ido Kihon – Ido Geiko

1 Fudo Dachi Shizen Tai – Assume ready stance – natural posture

2 Hidari Ashi Zenkutsu Dachi Yoi – Left forward leaning stance (can be any stance name), get ready

3 Kamaete! – Execute the stance…move to the required position

4 Naore – Return to the original position — yoi dachi

5 Yasume – Rest…break the yoi dachi stance

6 Mawatte… – During Ido-Geiko…turn and face opposite direction

Moving Into Kicking Stance Generally during sonoba kihon

6 Fudo Dachi – Shizen Tai – Assume ready stance – natural posture

7 Keri Dachi Ni Yoi – Get ready to move left forward leaning stance

8 Kamaete! – Execute the stance…move to the required position

9 Hantai – Hajime! – Switch to opposite stance – begin!

10 Naore – Return to the original position — yoi dachi

11 Yasume Rest…– break the yoi dachi stance

Calling Kihon Commands During sonoba kihon

12 Seiken Chudan Tsuki Forefist Middle Strike

13 Rok-kai…Yukkuri – Six times slowly (can omit rok-kai with advanced students)

14 Hajime, Ichi, Ni, San, Shi, Go Roku! – Begin…count six reps

15 Kiai Irete! – Put in the energy – spirit shout

16 Hajime Ichi, ni…. – Begin…count cadence

 

Kata Commands Pinan Ichi and Beyond

17 Fudo Dachi – Shizen Tai – Assume ready stance – natural posture

18 Mokus? Musubi dachi – close eyes, hands clasped

19 Pinan Sono Ichi – Yoi! – Name of the kata – get ready

20 Gorei de or Mugorei – Either counted by the instructor or not

21 Hajime Ichi, Ni… – Gebi, and count cadence

23 Naore – Return to the original position — yoi dachi

24 Yasume – Rest…break the yoi dachi stance

 

Other Commands — Verbiage

25 D?gi Naoshite – Tidy up your uniform

26 Johanshin – Upper body (above waist)

27 Kahanshin – Lower body (below waist)

28 Kime – Focus

29 Tsuriai – Balance

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